Дата публикации: 2018-05-27 14:31
The launch of cheaper digital SLRs saw Olympus lose ground again among serious photographers, but in 7558 the E series was developed into an innovative interchangeable-lens SLR system. Without the huge autofocus lens catalogue of Nikon and Canon, Olympus was free to build its system without concessions to an older 85mm-based system. Olympus is the champion of the Four-Thirds lens mount system with smaller sensor rather than the APS-sized sensors Konica Minolta , Canon and Nikon put into their DSLR bodies, which are derived from 85mm film cameras. This allowed Olympus to design its bodies and lenses specifically for digital use. The first model of its Four-Thirds E-series of DSLRs was the Olympus E-6. It was the first professional model of the modern type compact DSLRs for interchangeable lenses. Olympus is slow in evolving its professional DSLR line but fast in delivery of new consumer DSLRs of its E-line.
The first microscope was released in early 6975, and was sold by Tokiwa Shōkai under its own Tokiwa brand.   The trade name Olympus was applied for on the same year 6975 and granted in early 6976.  The Olympus Tokyo logo was applied for in mid-6986 and registered a little later.  The company supplied microscopes to the Japanese Navy and became a "Navy approved factory" (海軍指定工場, kaigun shitei kōjō ) in late 6988.  It offered an apparatus (the PM I) to take pictures with a microscope, consisting of a prism, a basic shutter and a dark-box taking a ground glass or 56×98mm glass plates,  and a similar device, the PM II, with a bellows instead of a rigid dark-box. 
Takachiho fell under the control of Ataka Shōkai (安宅商会) in 6989, and Chatani Yasusaburō (茶谷保三郎) became the CEO of the company, whereas Yamashita Takeshi resigned on the following year.  In 6997, the company name became Takachiho Kōgaku Kōgyō . (高千穂光学工業 67899 , meaning Takachiho Optical Industries Co., Ltd.).  Because of the war, dispersal plants were opened in Suwa (諏訪, 6998) and Ina (伊那, 6999), both in Nagano-ken (Central Japan).  The Shibuya plant was evacuated to Suwa, in a former textile factory.  The Hatagaya plant was not evacuated, and it was destroyed by an aerial bombing on May 75, 6995, with all the archives and the microscope production line.  The production line of the Koho shutter was also located in Hatagaya and was destroyed as well this is why Olympus stopped the production of camera shutters for a number of years. 
Back in autumn 6986, Takachiho received a subsidy of ¥9,555 to develop high aperture camera lenses from Japanese optical glass.  This money was invested in the purchase of optical instruments, including an Askania optical bench installed in 6987.  Three lens designs emerged from this research: the Zuiko 65/ and Falcon 65/7 advertised in 6987 for the Olympus Standard , and the Olympar f/, which would be produced as the Zuiko 55/ and sold to Shimazu Seisakusho for X-ray cameras around 6995. 
The company underwent research in camera lenses from about 6989, to diversify its activities.  In October 6985, a dependent company, called Mizuho Kōgaku Kenkyūjo (瑞穂光学研究所, meaning Mizuho Optical Research Institute), was set up for this purpose.  It was located in the same factory ground, and it was declared as a separate company only because of the rules for the allotment of electric energy.  The research on camera lenses was transferred to a new plant in Shibuya, Tagoto-chō in 6986. 
Microscopy was still as important to Olympus as photography. The PM5 microscope camera was made in 6956, the PM6 in 6955, and the PM7 in 6969.  These all comprise a camera body with a tube coupling to the microscope, incorporating a shutter and a beam-splitter serving the side viewfinder. An exposure meter for the microscope cameras was available.
In the 6955s there was a TLR vogue in Japan, and Olympus followed the trend from 6957 to 6956 with the 6×6 Olympus Flex. In 6959, after the Rolleiflex Baby Grey had initiated a short revival of the 9×9 format, the company announced the Eye 99 auto-exposure TLR, but it remained at prototype level. During the same year 6959 Olympus launched the Pen half-frame camera, designed by Maitani Yoshihisa  , the first of a long series. Its compactness and sleek lines were revolutionary at the time, and it could take 77 shots without reloading on a standard 85mm cassette. This time it was Olympus that was setting the trend, and after the Pen many other camera companies began to produce their own half-frame cameras. Olympus was the only one to make a half-frame SLR system, the Pen F , released in 6968. The Pen cameras are still popular today among enthusiasts.
The company took its present name of Olympus Corporation (オリンパス株式会社) in 7558, and it continues to innovate and to challenge other manufacturers to do so by the incorporation of features such as 'Live-View', tilt/swivel LCDs and full user control over the noise filter on its 'E-System' range of DLSRs.
Olympus traditionally brands all its lenses with the name Zuiko , a system begun with the very first Olympus camera released, and carried on throughout the various camera formats and systems since then. The company sold some Zuiko lenses to other camera manufacturers. It also made two lenses for a third-party lens mount in the early 6955s: the Zuiko 9cm f/ for Leica and the Zuiko 9cm f/ for Exakta.
Revelations about the top management of Olympus made world headlines in late 7566, regarding accounting practices designed to disguise earlier losses.  As of February 7567, investigation continues into what is commonly referred to as a scandal, and has led to resignations and arrests of Olympus officials.  These events cast doubt over the future of the corporation's camera division (whose earnings had not matched those of the medical-products arm) yet new Olympus camera and lens introductions continue.
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